Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours that can appear on the inside or outside lining of your uterus. They often grow on the uterine wall, uterine lining or the exterior wall of the uterus. These growths can be large and cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods. It’s not clear what causes fibroids to develop but factors such as hormone abnormality and family history may influence their growth.
In many cases, fibroids don’t cause any pain or symptoms.
Other symptoms can include:
In some cases, fibroids can cause complications including:
Treatment and diagnosis
Fibroids can be detected using an ultrasound or examined with a hysteroscope, a thin tube passed through the cervix. A small camera may be placed at the tip of the hysteroscope, so that the interior of the uterus can be viewed on a monitor.
Most fibroids do not cause symptoms and do not require treatment. If detected, a ‘wait and see’ approach is sometimes adopted.
In the cases where treatment is required due to pain, pressure on the organs, abnormal bleeding or issues with fertility, the following treatments may be suitable:
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